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Atwal (also Attwal or Athwal) (Hindi: अटवाल, Punjabi: ਅਟਵਾਲ) is a clan name or Gotra of Jats and Dalit clan/sub-caste from the Punjab region of Northern India and Pakistan. Atwal is derived from Sanskrit word Attalika meaning ‘high hill-tops’. People living there were called Atwals

After settling in West Punjab, many Atwal Jats converted to Islam although most Atwals in India are Sikh. Their villages of origin are Khurdpur, Shankar and Hakimpur, in the Doaba region of Punjab (India).

Atwals today

Members of the clan were originally based in villages in northwest India. Due to emigration during the 20th century, members can be found around the world, including in the United Kingdom, the U.S.A. and Canada. In Punjab most Atwal came from village Pharala Distt Nawanshahar. Some Atwals went to Pakistan from Pharala during the partition some of them came back and settled around Pharala. lots off them later came to UK and Canada.

 Famous Atwals

  • Arjun Atwal, prominent Indian golfer
  • Tanveer K. Atwal, child actress appeared in The Matrix Revolutions (2003) as Sati



Gill (Shahmukhi: گل, Gurmukhi: ਗਿਲ, Old Norse|Middle English: gil(l)) is a gotra or clan found in the Jat community in India. In Pakistan, Gill is considered as a tribe.

The modern Jatt tribe of Gills claim royal lineage from the Raja Prithipat of Garh Mathila who married a Gill woman. Thus, the Jatt tribe of Gills is believed to fit under the branch of a predecessor umbrella Gill tribe that ranged from Central Asia through modern-day Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Northern India. This tribe according to sources below is believed to have been of either Indo-Iranian origins from Central Asia, (specifically Scythian or Saka from their home on the Oxus, or possibly White Huns or Yuezhi) or a mixed Indo-Scythian and Greek tribe. The Indo-Aryan/Greek mix theory is due to the timeframe in which Scythians/Yuezhi/White Huns which were competing Central Asian tribes of Indo-European descent settled in Asia and established kingdoms, such as the Indo-Scythian kingdom, and the geographical and chronological range of this settlement coinciding with Alexander the Great’s invasion with his Greek army.Another theory is that the Gills are decended from a marriage between a woman of the Bullar clan and a Rajput king.

Either way, it is likely the surname first came from the same Indo-European or Indo-Iranian tribe that also simultaneously migrated westward into Europe. The Scots and Irish for instance, also claim lineage from the same original Scythians that simultaneously settled in Northern India. There is also common etymology of the name higher up through the Indo-European language tree. This would explain the presence of the same surname amongst Indo-European descendants there (throughout Europe, but especially amongst gypsies) since the Gill tribe is theoried to be of partial Greek descent and would have entered Europe through the southeast). It is likely the name or word ‘Gill’ comes from an Indo-Iranian tribe like the Scythian if not Scythian itself that lived on the Oxus, as the Caspian Sea was once known as the Sea of Gillan, per Sir Sikes. In addition to Scythian, a possible Alanic (Massagetae) ancestry is theorized for Gills since Alans were sometimes grouped with the Scythians. Moreover, the Gill and Gillian presence in Northern Europe may well be the result of Alanic settlement in 400s A.D. See: Common Ancestry of Jatt Names.

Most of Gills converted to Sikhism during the period of the sixth Sikh Guru, Guru Har Gobind. The Gills also sided with him in the “Battle of Mehraj”. The descendants of Shergill, one of the eight sons of Gillpal, settled in the Zira area and gave rise to the Shergill Jat clan of the Punjab.

The chiefs of the Nishanwalia Misl, Sukha Singh and Mehar Singh were Shergills. The Majithia chiefs of Majha were also Shergills.

Some Gills had settled in Assam in 1505 during the time of Guru Nanak Dev ji.

Famous Gills

  • Shish Ram Gill – Vir Chakra
  • Rabbi Shergill – Contemporary Indian Musician



The Kahlon’s claim descent from Raja Vikramajit, through Raja Jag Deo of Daranager, of the Lunar Dynasty. The home of the clan is Batala, from Batala they spread into different region of Punjab. There are three divisions of the clan corresponding with three sons of soli, their founder. In Pakistan Punjab they are mainly based in Narowal District and Sialkot District, where they have 45 villages most populous Jat clan in the area and in India Punjab they are mainly based in Gurdaspur District.

Kahlon’s Today
Today, one can find Kahlon’s on both sides of the Punjab. In Punjab Pakistan, a majority of Kahlon’s live in the Sialkot District and Narowal District, some are also scattered in different cities of Punjab in the many of settled around Sargodha district and Faisalabad District after the establishment of an irrigation system in late 19th century. In Punjab India,they are mainly based in Gurdaspur District. Kahlon’s are also spread out through the world in many countries



Sidhu (Punjabi: ਸਿੱਧੂ, siddhū) is a prominent Jat/Jatt gotra or clan of the state of Punjab (India) in India.

Sidhus are the descendants of Bhatti Rajputs. They claim Yaduvanshi descent. At one time, the Bhattis ruled over the lands of Northern India, Pakistan and Afghanistan, from Mathura to Ghazni. Ghazni and Lahore were seized by the king of Bukhara (in today’s Uzbekistan) after a long period. The Bhattis migrated and settled in the area of Bhatner (Hanumangarh in present-day northern Rajasthan).


Khiva Rao sired Sidhu Rao in around 1250 AD. Sidhu Rao’s descendants merged back with the Jat community. Sidhu is the founder of the Sidhu Clan.

Sidhu was also married into a Gill Jat family. He sired six sons from this marriage:

  • Dahar’s descendants are know as Bhaike of Kainthal and Jhumba.
  • Dhar’s descendants are know as Pirkotias.
  • Roop’s progeny are Rosse of the village of Tehna in Faridkot.
  • Suro’s progeny are know as Meharmia.
  • Mano’s descendants are settled in Malkana and Naurang villages and known as Manokes.
  • Bhura’s descendants are known as Harikas and Brars.
  • Hari Rao was born in the family of Sita Rao, the elder son of Bhura. He was the founder of the Harkike Sidhu branch. Kaonke, Attari, Harike and Fattanke belong to this lineage. They are not of Brar lineage.
  • Jarth, the second son of Sita Rao, sired Brar who founded the Brar Clan.

Thus, Sidhus have seven sub-clans:

  1. Brar
  2. Harike
  3. Bhaike
  4. Pirkotiye
  5. Rosse
  6. Jaid
  7. Manoke

A descendant of Sidhu married into a Dalit family and his progeny merged with Dalits. Sidhus thus, are also found among backward castes such as Dalit castes such as Mazhabi Sikhs.

Famous Sidhus

  • Amarinder Singh, Chief Minister, Punjab, India and ex-Maharaja of Patiala
  • Navjot Singh Sidhu, Indian cricketer and commentator
  • Avneet Kaur Sidhu, Gold medal-winning Indian shooter
  • Gurdial Singh Sidhu (Dr), late (died 1.4.1966), Leading post World War II FRCS Surgeon from Patiala, Punjab
  • Karan Bir Singh Sidhu, IAS topper and Punjab cadre IAS officer since 1984, member British Mensa, High IQ Society
  • Balkar Sidhu, Bhangra singer
  • Shivinder Singh Sidhu, present Governor of the state of Manipur, India
  • Banny Sidhu, Aspiring Young Poet
  • Kulwant Sidhu, BBC Producer
  • Sirpreet Singh Sidhu, Maharaja of Patiala
  • Mandeep Kaur Sidhu, Wife of Maharaja of Patiala